Optometry involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects or
abnormalities as well as the medical diagnosis and management of eye disease.
Doctors of Optometry represent the front line of vision health and provide primary eyecare
through comprehensive eye examinations to detect and treat various visual abnormalities and eye
diseases., diagnose sight problems, such as nearsightedness or farsightedness and eye diseases.
They also prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, and medications.
- They perform vision tests and analyze results
- specialize in the examination, diagnosis, treatment, management and prevention of
disease and disorders of the visual system, the eye and associated structures
- diagnose ocular manifestations of systemic conditions such as diabetes and high blood
pressure and complications of the aging process such as cataracts and macular
- prescribe medication to treat certain eye diseases
- prescribe and fit eye glasses and contact lenses as well as safety eyewear and subnormal
- provide vision therapy and low-vision rehabilitation
- work in conjunction with other health care providers to provide integrated, quality care
- educate patients about vision health and lifestyle choices for protecting and enhancing
good vision and health
- conduct research and promote advancement in the visual sciences.